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# Fractions

### Equivalent fractions

• Equivalent fractions have different names for the same value, for example $$\displaystyle \frac{1}{2}$$ is equivalent to $$\displaystyle \frac{2}{4}$$.
• Equivalent fractions can be made by multiplying or dividing both the numerator and the denominator by the same number.
• The process of dividing the numerator and denominator by the same number is called simplifying fractions, for example $$\displaystyle \frac{6}{12}$$ is equivalent to $$\displaystyle \frac{1}{2}$$, which is in simplest form.