The Animal Care and Protection Act 2001 (Qld) requires that any person using animals for scientific purposes for research or teaching must:
- first obtain approval from an animal ethics committee
- comply with the Australian Code for the Care and Use of Animals for Scientific Purposes, 8th Edition, 2013 (the Code)
- ensure adequate records are maintained for a minimum of seven years following any AEC approved project (Record keeping for investigators and teachers)
- submit annual progress reports, project completion reports and unexpected and/ or adverse event reports as appropriate.
Commencing a project without prior written approval from an Animal Ethics Committee may be subject to criminal prosecution under the Animal Care and Protection Act 2001 (Qld).
For the purposes of the Act, an animal is defined as:
- any live vertebrate including amphibians, birds, fish, mammals and reptiles
- cephalopod invertebrates (octopus, squid, cuttlefish and nautilus)
- live pre-natal or pre-hatched animals in the last half of gestation, for example, mammalian or reptilian foetuses, pre-hatched avian, mammalian or reptilian young and live marsupial young.
The Act does not consider a human being or human foetus to be an animal, nor are the eggs, spat or spawn of fish.